خیلیها عقیده دارند که سئوالات True - False - Not Given و یا Yes - No - Not Given در بخش Reading در آزمون آیلتس یکی از چالشیترین انواع سئوالات Reading هست. یکی از دلایل پیچیده شدن این سئوالات وجود گزینه Not Given هست. وقتی این گزینه وجود دارد ما با حالتی رو به رو هستیم که باید به جستجوی اطلاعاتی بپردازیم که شاید اصلا برای وجود نداشته باشد!
اگر علاقهمند هستید مهارت خودتون را در این مدل از سئوالات محک بزنید سعی کنید با توجه به چهار statement مطرح شده در ادامه این متن را بررسی کنید و گزینه مناسب (Yes - No - Not Given) را انتخاب کنید. پاسخهای صحیح در انتهای تمرین قرار داده شده تا شما بتوانید دقت پاسخهاتون را بسنجید. البته سعی کردیم که پاسخ صحیح را جوری بنویسیم که در نگاه اول به چشم نیاد و تمرین بیفایده نشه!
Teens 'not damaged by screen time', study finds
There is little evidence of a link between the amount of time teenagers spend on devices and their general wellbeing, a study has suggested. It counters claims that teenagers' mental and physical health could be damaged by excessive screen time. Even just before bedtime, being online, gaming or watching TV is not damaging to young people's mental health, study authors said. They questioned the methodology of previous studies.
"While psychological science can be a powerful tool for understanding the link between screen use and adolescent wellbeing, it still routinely fails to supply stakeholders and the public with high-quality, transparent and objective investigations into growing concerns about digital technologies," said Professor Andrew Przybylski, Director of Research at the Oxford Internet Institute (OII) and co-author of the study.
Earlier this year, the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH) reached a similar conclusion to the Oxford University study, but did suggest parents tell their children to put down their devices in the hour before they go to bed. Dr Max Davie, from RCPCH, said of the new study: "The controversy around screen use and adolescent wellbeing has always suffered from an excess of opinion relative to data, and this paper helps to correct this, "The analysis is robust and suggests an overall population effect too small to warrant consideration as a public health problem. They also question the widely held belief that screens before bedtime are especially bad for mental health. "However, none of this is intended to suggest that screen time cannot become excessive in individual cases, and we would still suggest that families follow our guidance published earlier this year. We continue, for now, to recommend that screens be avoided for one hour before bed since there are other reasons beside mental health for children to need a good night's sleep.
"But others felt the study did not go far enough. Dr Bernadka Dubicka, chair of the child and adolescent faculty at the Royal College of Psychiatrists, said: "Although this is a well conducted study involving a large data set, the conclusions can only be limited. "The study looks at how long children spend looking at screens but not at what harmful content they might see. We know that screen time is not the main driver of mental illness, but dangerous online content can have an enormous impact on young people and their mental health."
As a frontline clinician, I regularly see young people who have deliberately hurt themselves after discussing self-harm techniques on social media. Urgent research is needed to explore the complex relationship between online content and young people, with particular attention given to the most vulnerable."
Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer in the Reading Passage? Write:
- YES if the statement agrees with the views of the writer.
- NO if the statement contradicts what the writer thinks.
- NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to know what the writer's point of view is.
- Viewing an electronic screen before going to sleep at night is harmful.
- Psychological science can explain the connection between computer use and mental and physical health problems in teenagers.
- The RCPCH advise that kids should not view electronic devices in the 60 minutes leading up to bedtime.
- Watching online violence is detrimental to the mental wellbeing of adolescents according to Dr Dubicka
از بین چهار statement فقط یک پاسخ Yes وجود دارد که مربوط به statement سوم هست. statement های اول و دوم هم دارای پاسخ NO هستند و تنها statement ی که دارای پاسخ Not Given هست آخرین statement یعنی مورد چهارم هست.